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Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Introduction

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Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Introduction

A typical royal charter basically comprises two, or sometimes three, parts:

The grant of land

The grant of land is usually in Latin and consists of two parts, the Protocol and the Corpus. The Protocol invokes God and gives pious considerations for the king’s act. The Corpus records the beneficiary and describes the general location of the land granted.

The Bounds

The Bounds are technically part of the Corpus. Not all charters had bounds, but when they exist they are often in Old English and consist of a number of boundary points which define the land granted.

Read more about the Bounds...

The Witnesses

The charter ends with the Eschatocol, a list of names of the witnesses to the transaction.

 Next page: Charter Bounds